IWMS through Watershed approach
DPR Preparation-IWMS through Watershed approach
During this financial year NABARD has sanctioned project under Farm Sector Promotion Fund - For DPR preparation: Integrated Water Management Scheme (IWMS) in Moga district The objective of integrated water management scheme is to consolidate the works already undertaken in the villages during the Water Conservation Campaign implemented during May-July 2017 last year and implement time bound concrete action plan to promote solid water conservation/ actions/ management activities through convergence with Govt./Corporate sector schemes, credit-linked area development schemes to accelerate the flow of bank credit for adaptations of water-efficient technologies and ensuring peoples’ participation in the identified villages through watershed approach.
Name of villages covered under IWMS:
Dhalle Ke, Ghall Kalan, Khosa Pando, Khosa Randhir and Rattian.
Based on continuous dialogue with community during water conservation campaign-2017 and after, Abhivyakti Foundation (the Anchor Agency) have identified and prioritized the repair and renovation to existing ponds with sewage water treatments as main activity to be proposed under IWMS. But for understanding the NABARD-WDF watershed approach, a team of watershed consultants from Maharashtra was involved in ‘Khasra number wise participatory field net planning’ and they had continuous interaction with villagers. Carried out technical survey, contour survey, measurements. Shared experience of benefits of watershed approach.
The DDM NABARD, Moga district, team of Abhivyakti Foundation and villagers from all cluster villages were actively participated in the process of planning and based on the planning following major interventions/ activities are proposed for IWMS-NABARD.
Repair, Renovation to existing ponds with Sewage water treatment:
This is the most appreciated, needed and important activity. The ponds proposed for renovation are silted, broken and unable to impound the surface flows during rainy season. Water gets contaminated due to disposal of sewage water in to these ponds. People use this water at the time of Kharif sowing for irrigation and these ponds are very useful in irrigating about 50 to 100 ha. lands at the critical stage of water scarcity. After renovation of these ponds people have decided to collect some water charges and maintain them in futures. Existing single pond is now devided into 3 or 4 sub ponds. The idea is to separate rain water and sewage water before entering into ponds by repair/renovation of existing feeder channels/open drains.
Activities proposed under other financial support or convergence:
• Tube well recharging
• Renovation of existing farms bunds
Other important activities:
• Sowing cultivation across the slope.
• SRI and SWI grain cultivation.
• Mixed/ strip cropping practices.
• Trees /herbs/shrubs along farm bunds.
• Agro – horticulture.
• Roof-top rain water harvesting.
• Plantation along roads and village habitation.
Projects That Are Helping The Country Go Green
The beauty of nature is a gift of God, and as responsible citizens it is our duty to protect this gift by all means. India Power is committed in conserving the natural resources and using them expeditiously to construe minimal damage to the environment.
Rain Water Harvesting through Restoration of Village Ponds and Tanks
Rainwater harvesting is undertaken mainly to capture the run off from the seasonal rains and store it for use in times of need. The storage is made on the ground surface or underground, depending upon the topography of the land, the types of surface and sub surface soils and the underground geological formations. Storage cisterns, check dams, farm ponds, percolation ponds, Ooranis (drinking water ponds), irrigation tanks and reservoirs comprise the surface storage systems, Rain water stored in the soil profile upto its field capacity, sub surface dams constructed in deep sandy beds across rivers and streams, sumps, dug wells, filter point wells, tube wells and acquifers constitute the underground storage systems. The source of supply for all these storages is the rainfall which is highly variable.
While in the urban areas rainwater harvesting is practiced for drinking, domestic, gardening, and ground water recharge purposes, in rural areas it is undertaken more extensively for irrigation, dryland agriculture, horticulture, ground water recharge, domestic, livestock, inland fisheries, duck rearing and for multifarious other similar purposes. Each form of storage has its specific merits and uses, although from the efficiency point of view, underground storage is the best as evaporation and other losses are eliminated.